ABMT refers to processes, materials, elements and tools that are compatible with the local socio-cultural, economic as well as physical and ecological environment of an area. Essentially, they should be affordable, innovative, safe, environmentally friendly and with significant socio-economic multipliers. To address poverty, unemployment and affordability challenges among low and middle income communities, ABMT should ideally be decentralized, locally controlled, people-centred, labour-intensive, cost-effective and sustainable.
Appropriateness is however relative and varies with geographical location, individual needs, income groups and project scope. It is also influenced by built-environment policies and regulations. For instance, industrialized prefabricated components are preferred for large projects and by affluent households.
The Ministry has relentlessly promoted the use of Interlocking Stabilized Soil Blocks technology due to its high appropriateness, local availability of soils, small scale application and potential to address poverty and housing affordability challenges facing majority of Kenyans. When properly utilized, ISSB technology has the potential to reduce construction costs by up to 50%, create sustainable employment, transfer skills, conserve the environment and raise living standards. The Ministry also undertakes to disseminate information on industrialized prefabricated materials for use by interested parties.